Insurance, shipping and the offshore industries will benefit from better knowledge of ice-ocean dynamics
Better ice-ocean state estimates, including long- and short-term statistics, and model predictions can be used to establish background knowledge and constraints important for (1) design and development of new technologies and installations in the Arctic, (2) risk assessment (e.g. sea-ice information combined with weather and wave forecasts), (3) environmental monitoring and (4) weather and ice services. INTAROS will work closely with identified stakeholders to support assessments for insurance companies, shipping and offshore industry operators in the Arctic.
The specific applications in relation to ice-ocean systems include the following
To improve qualitative and quantitative understanding of dynamic ice and ocean processes, both in situ data, some collected with new INTAROS deployed instruments, and satellite remotely sensed data are being combined. Parameters to be retrieved include sea-ice thickness, concentration and drift, sea level anomalies and associated geostrophic ocean currents and high-resolution phenomena like ocean eddies. In addition atmospheric forcing on the sea ice and underlying water column will be studied in order to understand complex atmosphere-ice-ocean interactions in the Arctic Ocean.
To assess the human contribution to acoustic noise caused by emerging activities such as increased ship and icebreaker traffic, enhanced tourist activities, and oil and gas exploration in the region, it is necessary to characterise the current soundscape. This is achieved by carrying out comprehensive passive acoustic data collection to obtain the spatial and temporal characteristics of the soundscape.
To improve the predictability of the ice-ocean environment and contribute to the climate prediction models, newly collected in situ data is combined with remotely sensed observations. The resulting information will also provide 3D time series for improved risk assessment.
To aid risk management for offshore oil and gas and maritime activities, outputs from project data analyses are being used to build and visualize a high quality data library that can be used for long term planning for design and operation in areas of interest. Analysis of historical high-resolution ice, atmosphere and ocean data can be used to tackle specific challenges such as operability of oil spill equipment in various environments, requirements for over-wintering and assessment of search and rescue resources.